[96], On 30 August 2007, 40,000 Spaniards gathered in Buñol to throw 115,000 kg (254,000 lb) of tomatoes at each other in the yearly Tomatina festival. In 1768, Philip Miller moved it to its own genus, naming it Lycopersicon esculentum. Unique varieties were developed over the next several hundred years for uses such as dried tomatoes, sauce tomatoes, pizza tomatoes, and tomatoes for long-term storage. FREE Delivery on your first order shipped by Amazon. During 500 BC, one of those cultures managed to domesticate tomato and integrate it into their cuisine. [57], A common tomato disease is tobacco mosaic virus. [43], Because of the long growing season needed for this heat-loving crop, several states in the US Sun Belt became major tomato-producers, particularly Florida and California. Pollination and fruit formation depend on meiosis. But that does not mean that they grow without care. [63] These plants may also subtly affect the flavor of tomato fruit. The plant has been recognized as a Guinness World Record Holder, with a harvest of more than 32,000 tomatoes and a total weight of 522 kg (1,151 lb). [95], The Potato Tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as tomato plants. Although not a disease as such, irregular supplies of water can cause growing or ripening fruit to split. The Spanish first introduced tomatoes to Europe, where they became used in Spanish food. Handling cigarettes and other infected tobacco products can transmit the virus to tomato plants. Perfect for sandwiches, salads, and slicing. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Bonnie Plants 0202 Original Tomato Vegetable Plant at Amazon.com. [33], The recorded history of tomatoes in Italy dates back to at least 31 October 1548, when the house steward of Cosimo de' Medici, the grand duke of Tuscany, wrote to the Medici private secretary informing him that the basket of tomatoes sent from the grand duke's Florentine estate at Torre del Gallo "had arrived safely". [20] Scientists are continuing to develop tomatoes with new traits not found in natural crops, such as increased resistance to pests or environmental stresses. One of the reasons is that they are relatively easy to grow. It grew easily in Mediterranean climates, and cultivation began in the 1540s. Modern age of commercially grown tomato started with the efforts of Alexander W. Livingston, American botanist and scientist who dedicated much of his life In California, tomatoes are grown under irrigation for both the fresh fruit market and for canning and processing. [29]:15, The Aztecs raised several varieties of tomato, with red tomatoes called xictomatl and green tomatoes called tomatl (Tomatillo). ‘Tomato plant’ was created in 1944 by Pablo Picasso in Surrealism style. Additionally, both toxic and inedible varieties discouraged many people from attempting to consume or prepare any other varieties. The tomato is the edible berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant. Bonnie Original Tomato, Tomato. California is a center of this sort of commercial tomato production and produces about a third of the processed tomatoes produced in the world. Tomatoes are not the only food source with this ambiguity; bell peppers, cucumbers, green beans, eggplants, avocados, and squashes of all kinds (such as zucchini and pumpkins) are all botanically fruit, yet cooked as vegetables. For gardeners, growing an aromatic, unblemished, and sun-ripened tomato is the ultimate trophy. We came around in the end of course, but the tomato bandwagon was almost full before we jumped onto it. In 1887, U.S. tariff laws that imposed a duty on vegetables, but not on fruit, caused the tomato's status to become a matter of legal importance. They cherished their Determinate types are annual in all climates. Cherry tomato plant. [34] In certain areas of Italy, such as Florence, the fruit was used solely as a tabletop decoration, until it was incorporated into the local cuisine in the late 17th or early 18th century. No conclusive evidence indicates that the lycopene in tomatoes or in supplements affects the onset of cardiovascular diseases or cancer. [29]:17 Gerard's Herbal, published in 1597, and largely plagiarized from continental sources,[29]:17 is also one of the earliest discussions of the tomato in England. [97], In Ontario, Canada, member of provincial parliament Mike Colle introduced a private member's bill in March 2016 to name the tomato as the official vegetable of the province and to designate 15 July as Tomato Day, in order to acknowledge the tomato's importance in Ontario's agriculture. It was not until ten years later that tomatoes were named in print by Mattioli as pomi d'oro, or "golden apples".[29]:13. In an outdoors setting, wind or animals usually provide sufficient motion to produce commercially viable crops. (even though technically its classified as a fruit). Embracing it for this protest connotation, the Dutch Socialist party adopted the tomato as their logo. Every inch a king, from its beautiful, smooth bright-red, deep oblate fruits averaging 10 to 15 oz., to a sweet luscious flavor that lives up to its virtually blemish-free exterior. Explorers, in 2012 head start on growing, plant starter plants instead of seeds early 17th century in.! 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