But please don't let yourself be fooled by … In the Cordillera Blanca, for example, glacial melt provides 80 percent of water in the rivers during the dry season and 4-8 percent during the rainy season. Average monthly temperatures in Machu Picchu (degrees centigrade and fahrenheit) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec °C: 24.1: 24.3: 24.6: 25: 24.6: 24.3 [12], Apart from the irrigated agriculture in 57 river valleys coming down from the Andes and passing through the desert en route to the ocean,[13] the coastal desert is almost without vegetation. Here is concentrated an incredible amount of monuments of the Inca. Weather in Manú Biosphere Reserve & Tambopata National Park. [19] The temperature decline with increasing elevation is less than the average on the Pacific coast side of the Andes because of the unusually low temperature of the fog-bound coast. Llamas and alpacas are grazed on the sparse vegetation of the Puna zone up to elevations of 4,770 metres (15,650 ft). Peruvian Instituto Geografico Militar 1:100, 000 map series published in Lima, various dates from 1950's to present, Sheets 18-h, 19-h, 19-i, 20-i, 21-j, 27-q, 28-t, 28-u, 30-y, 31-q, 32-q, 32-s and 33-s cover the 6000m peaks of Peru. Sometimes it is only small drizzle (Garoua), which is unlikely to affect your plans. In january the weather in Peru is perfect. [4], The dividing line between the Amazon and Andean climates is uncertain, but depends mostly on elevation. You will need very lightweight clothes for summer on the coast, and thermals, hats, gloves and ski jackets for winter up in the mountains. In contrast, in winter, a cold mountain breeze starts to blow at sunset, and on winter nights, there may be slight frosts. Lima receives almost no rain at all during the whole year. Mean Temp: 68 °F. The likelihood of rain increases from 15% to 45% this month. Not surprisingly, humidity in the rainforest is high throughout the year. The steep slopes and the sharp changes in elevation result in a large number of microclimates in which a change of location of a few kilometres can result in major climatic changes. Accelerated glacial melt and the eventual disappearance of glaciers will severely impact the quantity of water available in the coastal and mountain regions. With a packed calendar of events and attractions, whatever the weather, Perth is a great destination all year round. Especially high humidity in the Rainforest. In the West, its coastline is washed by the Pacific ocean. In a few favored locations, where mountains come close to the sea and the fog condenses on the mountain slopes, the garúa permits vegetation to thrive in "fog oases," called lomas in Peru. The hottest weather in Peru in summer in February. Can upset weather in Peru in spring, if you relax, you will arrive in November. If You are going to Peru in the summer, do not forget that the summer in the designated country is in December-February. Precipitation: 0.00". [7], The moisturizing impact of the fog is increased by the high average humidity of the coastal deserts. The common precipitation regime of the Andes is a rainy Austral summer season from October to April and a dry Austral winter from May to September. [27], El Niño (the "boy child") and La Niña (the "girl child") are the manifestations of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation which influences weather around the world, but especially near the coasts of northern Peru and southern Ecuador. The best time to visit these mountains and Jungle of Peru is June — August; coast — December to March. Here are … In the mountainous regions and rainforests of Peru in the midst of the rainy season: the weather is very hot, wet, and rain can start at any time, but are rarely delayed more than 2-3 hours. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. The average temperature is 20, 19 and 18 °C (68-64 °F) in June, July and September respectively. [25], The Amazon rainforest region comprises about 56 percent of the total area of Peru and is characterized, as is the coast, by its climatic uniformity: hot average temperatures with little variation among the seasons and abundant precipitation. In the winter month of June, July, and August, visitors can expect clouds, cool temperatures, and some humidity. "[14] Peru has more than 40 lomas totalling in area less than 2,000 square kilometres (770 sq mi) out of a total coastal desert area of 144,000 square kilometres (56,000 sq mi). The best period to visit is June-August. [8] As a result of the fog, Lima gets only 1230 hours of sunshine annually, and less that 50 hours each in the months of July, Aug, and Sept.[9] (By contrast, Seattle, Washington, not noted for its sunny weather, gets 2,170 hours of sunshine annually[10] and "foggy London town" gets 1,618 hours of sunshine annually. In March-April it is better to refuse to visit the highlands and the jungle. In Trujillo, the summers are short, warm, muggy, and overcast; the winters are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy; and it is dry year round. However, the drop in temperature in these regions is huge year round as it is so arid. Dry season in Andean highlands and eastern rainforest. [16] The mountain climates are cool, often cold, with varied precipitation depending upon exposure. A few locations at elevations similar to Oxapampa have a pronounced dry season and are classified as Cwb (sub-tropical with a dry winter), rather than Cfb.[26][4]. The months of January, February, March, November and December have a high chance of precipitation. Beginning at latitude 8.64° S and continuing southward are many snow-capped and glaciated peaks more that 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) in elevation. In these months in Peru comes winter, rainfall is the minimum amount. During the winter, temperatures can fall slightly. In particular this applies to March and April; by may on the coast usually start to hang dense fogs, and suitable for recreation are beaches near Tumbes — city in North-Western Peru. There are occasional showers, though. Cool damp weather with higher humidity levels usually occurs in winter. Average Weather in Trujillo Peru. The average temperature in Peru in March takes the value 26 °C (79 °F) in April is 26 °C (75 °F), in May 22-23 °C (72-73 °F). Average Weather in Cusco Peru. [21] Puno experiences freezing temperatures an average of 226 days annually with freezes occurring in every month. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. Climate of Peru describes the diverse climates of this large South American country with an area of 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi). In these months in Peru comes winter, rainfall is the minimum amount. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. In the austral summer from December to April, the weather is mostly sunny. The average temperature is 20, 19 and 18 °C (68-64 °F) in June, July and September respectively. Best time for festivals and highland sports, including treks. Chosica, 50 kilometres (31 mi) inland from the Pacific at an elevation of 835 metres (2,740 ft) gets 109 millimetres (4.3 in) annually of precipitation compared to Lima's precipitation of 16 millimetres (0.63 in). In Oxapampa, Cfb under the Köppen classication, temperatures rarely fall below 11 °C (52 °F) or rise above 26 °C (79 °F) and precipitation is abundant year-round. Then, drizzles during the night and early morning occur. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Meanwhile, on the central and south coasts, travelers can expect overcast skies. The desert coast of Peru has 52 percent of Peru's population on 12 percent of its land area[32] and is especially vulnerable to fluctuations in its water supply, nearly all of which comes from rivers originating in the Andes. The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities and towns in the Amazon rainforest region. Coastal districts are characterized by warm dry weather and in the mountains are much cooler and rainy. The city of Puno at that elevation has snow 14 days per year on average and it has snowed in every month of the year except November. During the day, the temperature never reaches 30 °C (86 °F), even though the mountain sun at tropical latitudes is very strong and requires appropriate protection. In this country you can get into the Amazon jungle, Andes mountains, to the mountain lake Titicaca. It can become freezing at night at altitude and remain hot and sticky through the nights in the jungle. If you are going to travel to Peru in the spring months, we advise you to plan a trip for September or October. Despite the cloud, the coast of Peru is particularly humid with an average of 80% humidity. Does it ever rain in Peru in December? These two parks are located in the south of Peru, and follow a slightly different climate to Peru’s northern Amazon Jungle.In this region there are two seasons; the dry season during the months of May – September, and the wet season October – April. The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover tha… warning in january the weather varied depending on the city and regions of the country. Peru is one of the most exotic and mysterious countries of the world. The air temperature in this month is 1-2 degrees above the December and January level and is approximately 28 °C (82 °F). Usually the weather in Peru in the winter quite comfortable. Coastal sea temperatures around Peru Ocean temperature and marine climate data is provided daily by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Extreme weather events, including drought and flood, are anticipated to become more frequent. )[11], As elevation increases moving inland from Lima and other coastal locations, so also does precipitation. In the mountainous areas of the country during this period is dry, but temperatures can vary from 20-25 °C (68-77 °F) during the day and 10-15 °C (50-59 °F) at night. While Quincemil has the highest precipitation of places in Peru with a weather station, climatologists say that the slopes of low mountains northwest of Quincemil in Manu National Park may receive more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in) of rain annually. By contrast most of the Peruvian coastal desert has average annual temperatures of less than 20 °C (68 °F) and with temperatures falling to or near 10 °C (50 °F) during the Austral winter. Many areas of Peru depend upon glacial melt for water for consumption, irrigation, and industry. Temperatures in winter reach around 17°C/62°F by day and 11°C/52°F by night. El Niño brings warmer and sunnier weather to the coasts of Peru than normal. The peak season for travel in Peru is between April and October. [33], sfn error: no target: CITEREF"Peru_Climate" (, Rundel, P. W., Dillion, M.O., Palma, B., Mooney, H.A., Gulmon, S. L., and Ehleringer, J. R., "The Phytogeography and Ecology of the Coastal Atacama and Peruvian Deserts," In, Pozorski, Shelia and Pozorski, Thomas, (2006a), Dillon, Michael O., "The Solanaceae of the Lomas Formations of Coastal Peru and Chile," www.sacha.org/solanaceae/lomas_solanaceae.pdf, accessed 17 Jul 2017, "South America, Site SA42, Lomas Formations, Peru". June, 29 — the Day of Saints Peter and Paul; August, 30 — Santa Rosa, St. Rose of Lima, patroness of the Peruvian capital. The climate here is classified as Cwb by the Köppen-Geiger system. Visiting the Peruvian Amazon in the Winter (The Dry Season) Lomas range in size from very small to more than 40,000 hectares (99,000 acres) and their flora includes many endemic species.Scholars have described individual lomas as "an island of vegetation in a virtual ocean of desert. Peru Seasons & Climate. There are three main climatic regions: the Pacific Ocean coast is one of the driest deserts in the world but with some unique features; the high Andes mountains have a variety of microclimates depending on elevation and exposure and with temperatures and precipitation from temperate to polar and wet to dry; and the Amazon Basin has tropical climates, mostly with abundant precipitation, along with sub-tropical climates in elevations above 1,550 metres (5,090 ft). In especially impactful years, as occurred in 1982-1983, 1997-1998, and 2015-2017,[28] El Nino causes heavy rainfall in coastal northern Peru in what is a desert that rarely receives any rain at all. On many winter days morning and evening drizzle, locally called garúa, is a common occurrence. As many as 50,000 alpacas raised by indigenous farmers in Puno, the southern part of the Andes, have died from the bitter cold winter where temperatures have plunged as low as … Remember: The climate in Peru in january ranges from perfect to tolerable depending on the region and city. Climatic conditions in the Republic of Peru varies in the coastal zone and in the mountainous regions of the country. [17][18], A general rule for mountainous areas is that temperature decreases by about 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for each 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) increase in elevation provided that the change in altitude takes place at the same latitude and other factors such as precipitation and cloud cover are similar. Peru sunrise & sunset times for December 2020 Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. Travel tip: … In general the western slopes of the Andres, facing the Pacific Ocean, are drier than the eastern slopes. [22] The permanent snow line is at about 5,000 metres (16,000 ft).[23]. [29], Climatic statistics cited in this article are for the period 1982-2012 and may become inaccurate in the future because of climate change and global warming. On the coast of Peru in June-August is pretty cool, there is no pronounced temperature fluctuations. Much of the coast, including Lima, is shrouded in a gray mist called garúa. During the Austral winter, the trade winds blow thick stratus clouds inland over coastal areas up to an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the dense fog coalesces into drizzle and mist. Comfortably relax in the Republic in March-May. Matucana, 80 km (50 mi) inland at an elevation of 2,464 m (8,084 ft) gets 479 mm (18.9 in) of precipitation. The driest months are in the Austral winter of June through August. Humidity: 82%. Peru is considered one of the largest countries in South America, it ranks third after Brazil and Argentina. Temperatures become cooler with elevation and around 1,550 metres (5,090 ft) elevation the climate becomes sub-tropical rather than tropical, a climate often characterized as "eternal spring." Weather in Peru varies from region to region. Lima, Peru: Annual Weather Averages February is the hottest month in Lima with an average temperature of 23.5°C (74°F) and the coldest is August at 17°C (63°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in April. While there are locations that fit into all three of the Köppen tropical types of climate, Af, Am, and Aw, the differences among the three climates in Peru are small. Maximum precipitation falls in Peru in January. Ideal for less-crowded visits. The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). During winter, from June to September, the sky is almost always overcast, and even if it doesn't rain there is a mist, the Garúa, which can deposit moisture on the ground. Subtropical with very little rainfall, but humidity sometimes rises, causing fog. The highest average temperatures range from 15˚C (59˚F) and 21 °C (69.8 °F), and lowest between 8˚C (46.4˚F) and 15 °C (59°F). The warm phase, El Niño, occurs every two to seven years. All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Lima. During the month of September, October, November and December you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). Low Temp: 59 °F. Precipitation here is about 1005 mm | 39.6 inch per year. For example, Lima has an average humidity of 84 percent, more than double the average humidity of most deserts. In the tropics the average annual temperature is usually at least 25 °C (77 °F) with little temperature variation among months. The Andes, with elevations almost entirely above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) and mostly above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), rise above the desert to the west and the tropical rain forest to the east. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 62°F to 78°F and is rarely below 60°F or above 83°F. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 metres (−121 ft) to 6,788 metres (22,270 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 millimetres (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in). In summer there is an average temperature of 25 ° Celsius … Sea level is projected to rise by 50 centimetres (20 in) by 2100. Compensating for the lack of a freeze-free growing season at elevations above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), indigenous farmers up until the 21st century have sought out micro-climates and used techniques such as Andenes (terraces) and Waru Waru (raised beds) to capture and store heat and permit hardy crops such as potatoes to grow up to 4,050 metres (13,290 ft) in elevation. In these months the average daily temperature is around 20-22 °C (68-72 °F), rains often. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. Busiest time due to North American and European holidays. The indigenous people of Peru have been farming in the Andes for thousands of years despite the severe climatic limitations. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFHudson (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFClimate_Change_Risk_Profile (, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=82648&cityname=Lima-Lima-Peru&units=metric, http://botany.si.edu/projects/cpd/sa/sa43.htm, http://botany.si.edu/projects/cpd/sa/sa42.htm, "Best time to visit, weather and climate Puno", "A snow climatology of the Andes Mountains from MODIS snow cover date", "An introduction to the Bofedales of the Peruvian High Andes", "The Nomalous 2017 El Nino event in Peru", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Peru&oldid=992860213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 14:14. In the summer the sun shines often and there is almost no rainfall at all. 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